Freedom of expression is generally respected in Peru. However, journalists face the dangers of physical attacks. Both radio and television have both private and public stations, and there is no censorship of the internet.
The Peruvian constitution expressly grants freedom of religion, but the Catholic Church is generally preferred by the state.
Peru’s government maintains academic freedom.
The education system in Peru is broken down into Initial (3-5), Primary (6-12), Secondary (12-17), and Higher Education. Private schools, called colegios, are concentrated in large cities. About a quarter of these schools have a religious affiliation. Education is both free and obligated from 6 to 16.
Women are slightly underrepresented in the education system, although the problem was much more pronounced before the government recently made a significant push to rectify the problem. However, the indigenous peoples of Peru are significantly underserved.
The Ministry of Education provides all materials and course outlines, which can be altered as necessary every six years. The curriculum is “tightly scripted” for primary school, and allows for more freedom as the years of the students advance. Teaching methods are left for the teachers themselves to decide.
The Ministry of Education requires that all schools, public and private, teach some sort of Catholic religion course, but parents are allowed to get exemptions for their children.
“55% of children from 3-5 attended school, 92% from 6011, and 69% from 12 to 16.” The highest percent of absent children are in jungle areas.
The literacy rate in Peru is currently at 87.7%.
Government Granted “Rights of Age”
Peruvians can vote and drink at 18.
The age of consent in Peru is 14. It was lowered in June 2007 from 17 to keep children out of jail for statutory rape charges and to keep children from fearing to go to health centers after getting pregnant. However, many are concerned that rapists will “use consent to evade justice.”
There is conscription was abolished in 1999, and replaced by an all-volunteer army.
Prostitution is legal for women over 18 provided that they register with the government.
71% of women in Peru between 15 and 49.
Abortion is legal only as a method to preserve the health or save the life of the mother. On average, 20% of pregnancies end in illegal abortions.
As of 2001, 39.2% of Peruvians are under 18 years old.