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Argentina

 

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Civil Liberties

Argentine laws grants many freedoms, although they are not always observed. For instance, while freedom of the press is granted, the government limits anti-government literature. So, while Argentine teenagers technically have freedom of press, they cannot speak out completely freely against the government.

A similar situation occurs in relation to freedom of religion. Argentineans are technically granted freedom of religion, however, the nation has strong ties to the Catholic Church, reinforced by the nation’s constitution. As a result, people of other religions are often not treated equally. For instance, the 250,000 Jews in Argentina, the largest population of Jews in Latin America, are a frequent target of anti-Semitism and discrimination from the people as well as the government. One specific example: the famous AMIA bombing in 1994, where five men bombed the Jewish Argentine Mutual Association; however, ten years later in court, none of the men were convicted.

Education System

Education is free and compulsory for 10 years, beginning at age 5. As a result of the accessible schooling, 95% of the country is literate.

Nationwide school uniforms are mandatory; the uniforms are similar to white laboratory coats, and they are worn over regular clothes.

When students arrive at school, they must raise the Argentinean flag and sing the national anthem.

Academic freedom is largely observed. In secondary school, students are allowed to choose their general fields of study.

The school curriculum includes science, mathematics, languages, art, history, sports and geography.

Government Granted “Rights of Age”

The minimum drinking age in Argenitna is 18.

The minimum suffrage age is 18, and voting is compulsory.

The minimum driving age is 18, and speed limits are often not enforced.

In Argentina, teenagers are free to smoke and 30% of all Argentinean smokers started before age 11. However, because tobacco causes over 40,000 deaths per year in the country, the government is taking action against tobacco. National Law 23344, passed on 29 August 1986, created restrictions on tobacco advertising and promotion, as well as required the production of warning labels on cigarette packs.

Argentina does not employ conscription.

Health, Sexuality, and Dating Habits

It is accepted for teenage boys to play “exploratory games” with other boys, and for girls to explore with other girls in homoerotic ways.

Sexual education in Argentina is, on the whole, extremely weak. While teenagers may be aware that STI’s (Sexually Transmitted Infections) exist, the information is quite incomplete. For instance, teens are warned about syphilis and gonorrhea and know that they can be cured easily, but, however, they are unaware that these diseases make the body more susceptible to the AIDS virus. In Latin America, Argentina ranks fourth after Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia, in the number of people affected with HIV. Teenagers are especially affected: according to the studies of Eduardo Lopez, the Chief of the Department of Infectious Diseases at the Hospital Gutierrez, 20 percent of HIV-positive mothers in Argentina are 15 to 19 years old.

The strong connection to the Catholic Church stifles gay acceptance. Others still believe that homosexuals are the reason for the AIDS epidemic, and, as a result, feel that homosexuals are not deserving of equal rights. While at a younger age it is viewed as acceptable to engage in homoerotic behavior, in the later teenage years, one is expected to be straight.

Also due to the strong influence of the Catholic Church, women are not allowed to have abortions. Any woman who is not mentally deranged and has an abortion may be sent to prison. However, abortion rates are still high because of the loose enforcement of the abortion laws, despite the injunction on abortions. Usually, the police only enforce abortion rules after a woman has died as a result of an unprofessionally performed abortion.

Dating usually starts around 15, when girls celebrate their quinciniera (15th birthay), considered the “end of childhood.”

Sources Used:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentina

http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=22&year=2005&country=6685

http://www.experiencefestival.com/conscription_-_arguments_against_conscription

http://www.state.gov

http://www.cp-pc.ca/english/argentina/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Argentina

http://www.geocities.jp/m_kato_clinic/mini-age-alcohol-eng-1.html

https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ar.html

http://www.tango-history-tours.com/Argentina-travel-guide.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smoking_in_Argentina

http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/argentina.html

www.culturegrams.com

16 comments

  1. This was a very usefull site for a school prodject.


  2. ew


  3. Very useful baby


  4. You guys tickled me


    • how do they tickle u


  5. This is so tight bra


  6. according to my calculations some of the information is very interesting, but why is the drinking age 18? please mail me back a.s.a.p (as soon as possible) so i can continue my search for the mysteries of the wonderful than of Argentia.
    thanks a lot,
    Alexander(the great)!


  7. There was no information.


  8. yeah well im a hot 17 yr old gay argentinian guy who is, after 13 yrs, going back to his delicious juicy big dick and sexy male infested country 8==>ARGENTINA<==8 * Che papi aseteme el loco y te la chupo! jaja! <3 ;)


    • this shit is a lie and i did not write that and im the one having the last laugh hijo de puta la conja de tu ermana u immature peice of shit. fuck u.


  9. ^ hit me up <3 http://www.facebook.com/gabrielovenergy


  10. ^ Hi, undoubtedly what you’ve probably just read above is disgusting and repulsive to you as well as to me believe it or not, I hope the obvious is clear that I’ve been rudely hacked, I’ve already emailed the site to request this to be taken off but have been ignored, unfortunately some people can’t have some reasonable, sincere, & decent sense as to what’s caused by the actions of others without one’s notice. My apologies for its unpleasanty, the nerve of some people these days :/


  11. I enjoy the site, the answers to many questions in the world given by people just like you and me is but another opinion with its own creative twist, an idea is an elemental essense of the future. One thing I love about Argentina is its culture, which is humble, loving, & family-oriented. I am a gay male and am greatful to have the right of marriage in this country, I am soon to finish school in Mendoza, Argentina and plan and pursue my dreams of becoming a physical trainer and maybe major in the fields of exercise science and psychology too. By the way, Happy Holidays to everyone, happy 2011 :)


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